By the way, did you know that this is because you become addicted in three different ways? 这儿我想顺便问你一个问题，你知道上瘾有三个方面的原因吗？ First, you can become physically addicted to nicotine, which is one of the hundreds of chemicals in cigarettes. 首先，你会在身体上对尼古丁有瘾，它是香烟里几百种化学物质之一。 This means that after a while your body becomes accustomed to having nicotine in it. 这句是说，过一段时间以后，你的身体习惯了香烟里的尼古丁， So when the drug leaves your body, you get withdrawal symptoms. 一旦你的体内没有这种麻醉剂了，你就会有断瘾症状， I remember feeling bad-tempered and sometimes even in pain. 我记得曾感到烦躁、甚至痛苦。Secondly, you become addicted through habit. 其次你也可能因为习惯的原因而上瘾。As you know, if you do the same thing over and over again, you begin to do it automatically. 你知道，如果你反反复复地做同一件事情，你就会自动地做它。Lastly, you can become mentally addicted. 最后，你可以心理上瘾。 I believed I was happier and more relaxed after having a cigarette, so I began to think that I could only feel good when I smoked. 我那时认为，抽了一支烟后就会感到更轻松愉快，于是我就以为抽烟才能使自己感觉良好。 I was addicted in all three ways, so it was very difficult to quit. 我之所以上瘾就有着这三个方面的原因，因此，要戒烟就很难。But I did finally manage.但是我终于还是戒掉了。 When I was young, I didn't know much about the harmful effects of smoking. 在我年轻的时候，关于吸烟的危害性我知道的并不多。 I didn't know, for example, that it could do terrible damage to your heart and lungs or that it was more difficult for smoking couples to become pregnant. 例如，我不知道抽烟能严重侵害人的心脏和肺部，也不知道吸烟的夫妇生育能力会下降。 I certainly didn't know their babies may have a smaller birth weight or even be abnormal in some way. 我当然不知道他们的婴儿在出生时可能体重较轻或某些方面不正常。Neither did I know that my cigarette smoke could affect the health of non-smokers. 我更不知道，我自己吸烟还会损害那些不吸烟人的健康。However, what I did know was that my girlfriend thought I smelt terrible. 然而我的的确确知道，我的女朋友觉得我的烟味很难闻。 She said my breath and clothes smelt, and that the ends of my fingers were turning yellow. 她说我的呼吸、我的衣服都有味道，而且我的手指头都变黄了。 She told me that she wouldn't go out with me again unless I stopped! 她说在我把烟戒掉之前不会跟我一起出去。I also noticed that I became breathless quickly, and that I wasn't enjoying sport as much. 我还注意到我的呼吸变得急促，并且使我不那么喜爱运动了。 When I was taken off the school football team because I was unfit, I knew it was time to quit smoking. 而由于我身体不健康被校足球队除名之后，我才知道该是我戒烟的时候了。
I remember the first time I met Roy。He was standing in the centre of a group of boys，and he was telling a joke。When he reached the final line，everyone burst out laughing。Roy laughted too。A loud happy laugh。"Popular boy，"I thought to myself。My name is Daniel。I was from the north of England，but my father had been offered a better job in London，and our whole family had moved there。I was 12 and，having lost all my old friends，I felt shy and lonely at my new school.There were 33 students in my new class，and most people weren’t very interested in a shy new boy。Roy was one of the few people who were kind to me 。He often invited me to join his particular goup，and as a result，I started getting to know people。Roy and I become good friends。We trusted each other and we could talk about personal matters，things that were important to us。Five years later，Roy and I are still in the same class。But just under a year ago。Roy’s father was knocked over by a car。He died a few days later。The family had to move to a much smaller house in order to manage financially。Roy，who had always been very close to his father，changed completely，becoming silent and moody。He had always been a clever，hard-working student but now he seemed to lose all interest in his work。He started losing friends。These days，Roy and I see each other from time to time，but we no longer close。About three months ago，a group of us were playing football together after school。Having left something in the cloakroom，I went inside to get it，and found Roy going through the pockets of people’s coats。In his hand he had a wallet---and I knew it wasn’t his！My mouth fell open and I just looked at him。Roy went bright red。“I’ll put it back right now，”he said，and he did so。I turned round and walked out without saying a word。I really hoped that Roy would explain why he had been stealing，but instead he started avoiding me。At the same time，small amounts of money started disappearing from students’ lockers。I wonder if the thief was Roy but decided not to say anything to anyone。I hope it wasn’t him。Last week our school had a big fair in order to raise money for a charity。It was very successful and by the end of the day，we had made about $500。Our class teacher，Mr White，came and chatted to a group of us that included Roy，and held up a box for us to see。“There’s $500 in here，”he said with a smile。But to our surprise，the next morning，we were told that the money had been stolen。Mr White had left the box in a classroom for a few minutes，and when he came back it had disappeared。The head teacher asked anyone who thought they might know something about the theft to come to him。This weekend ,having thought about the situation for a while，I decided to ask Roy about the theft，and this morning I went to see him。Roy was out，and I went upstairs to his bedroom to wait for him。It was a cold day and his jacket was lying on the back of a chair。I put it on and put my hands in the pockets。I could feel a lot of paper notes and I pulled them out。It looked as if there was about $500 there。I was so surprised that I just stood there，holding the notes in my hands。At that moment，the door swung open，and Roy walked in。 我要悬赏要悬赏 给你打了那么久！！！！！！！！！！！！！！！！！！！！！
Unit 1 虚拟语气If ...could do...,...would/should/might/could do...If...did...,...would/could/should/might do...Unit 2 虚拟语气If ...had done..., would/could/might/should have done...If...were...,would/should/could/might do...UNit 3 it的用法it代替不定式、动名词、主语从句、宾语从句it代表天气、时间、距离、天气等Unit 4 强调句型It is ...who/that...Unit 5 动词的ing形式在句中作状语，表示时间、原因或结果。Looking carefully at the ground, I made...Having experienced quite a few earthquakes in Hawaii already, I didn't ...亲：高老师祝你学习进步，每天都开心V_V！望采纳，thanks(thx)!
罗伊的故事我还记得第一次见到罗伊的情景。他站在一群男孩的中间，正说着笑话，他说到最后一句的时候，大家都哄堂大笑起来。罗伊也笑了，是那种开心的大笑。我当时想，他是个受欢迎的孩子。我叫丹尼尔，是班里的新学生。因为父亲在伦敦找了份更好的工作，我们全家就从英格兰北部搬到了这里。当时我12岁，因为搬家，我失去了我所有的老朋友，在这新学校感到害羞、孤独。 新班级里有33个学生。他们大都对像我这样一个害羞的新学生不感兴趣。只有少数几个人对我友善，而罗伊则是其中的一个。他常请我加入他的团体，渐渐地，我开始认识其他人，罗伊和我成了好朋友。我们互相信任，因此可以谈论一些对我们重要的个人问题。 现在五年过去了，罗伊和我还是同班。但就在不到一年前，罗伊的父亲被车撞了，几天后就去世了。他家不得不搬到了一个比以前小很多的房子，以减轻经济负担。罗伊原来和他父亲关系十分亲密，而父亲去世后他彻底地变了，变得沉默寡言，闷闷不乐。他曾经一直是一个聪明和勤奋的学生，但现在对学习似乎一点儿也不感兴趣了。很多朋友开始疏远他。最近我和罗伊还时而见面，但已经不再那么亲密了。 大约三个月前，我们一群人放学后在踢足球。因为我把东西落在衣帽间了，我就进去取，这时我发现罗伊正在翻别人的衣服口袋。他手上捏着个钱包，我知道那不是他的。我张大了嘴，直盯着他。罗伊满面通红。“我马上放回去，”他说着就把钱包放了回去。我转身没说一句话就走了。 我真希望罗伊能跟我解释他偷东西的原因，但他却开始躲避我。此间，一些学生放在锁柜的零钱开始丢失。我猜测小偷可能是罗伊，但我没跟任何人说起，因为我希望不是他。 上周我们学校开了个大型义卖会，为一个慈善机构筹款。这次活动非常成功，一天下来我们就募集到了大约500英镑。我们的班主任怀特先生进来和一部分人说话，包括罗伊，并给我们看了一个盒子。“这里面有500英镑，”他笑着说。但使我们吃惊的是，第二天早上有人告诉我们说那些钱被人偷走了。怀特先生把盒子放在教室里几分钟工夫，盒子就不翼而飞了。校长要求，不管是谁，只要觉得多少知道点这个盗窃案的线索，就去找他谈谈。 这周末，我想了又想，决定去和罗伊谈这次失窃的事。今天早上我去找他，发现他出去了，便上楼去他的卧室等他。天很冷，他的夹克衫搭在椅背上。我穿上他的夹克，把手伸进了口袋。我感觉里面有很多钱，便把它们拿了出来。 这叠钱看似约有五百英镑。我手中抓着钱，不知所措，只是吃惊地站着。正在这时，门开了，罗伊走了进来。
I was 16 when I began work in June 1902 at the whaling station. I had heard of the killers that every year helped whalers catch huge whales. I thought, at the time, that this was just a story but then I witnessed it with my own eyes many times.
On the afternoon I arrived at the station, as I was I sorting out my' accommodation, I heard a loud noise coming from the bay. We ran down to the shore in time to see an enormous animal opposite us throwing itself out of the water and then crashing down again. It was black and white and fish-shaped. But I knew it wasn't a fish.
"That's Old Tom, the killer," one of the whalers, George, called out to me. "He's telling us there's a whale out there for us."
Another whaler yelled out, "Rush-oo ...rush-oo." This was the call that announced there was about to be a whale hunt.
"Come on, Clancy. To the boat," George said as he ran ahead of me. I had already heard that George didn't like being kept waiting, so even though I didn't have the right clothes on, I raced after him.
Without pausing we jumped into the boat with the other whalers and headed out into the bay. I looked down into the water and could see Old Tom swimming by the boat, showing us the way. A few minutes later, there was no Tom, so George started beating the water with his oar and there was Tom, circling back to the boat, leading us to the hunt again.
Using a telescope we could see that something was happening. As we drew closer, I could see a whale being attacked by a pack of about six other killers.
"What're they doing?" I asked George.
"Well, it's teamwork - the killers over there are throwing themselves on top of the whale's blow-hole to stop it breathing. And those others are stopping it diving or fleeing out to sea," George told me, pointing towards the hunt. And just at that moment, the most extraordinary thing happened. The killers started racing between our boat and the whale just like a pack of excited dogs.
Then the harpoon was ready and the man in the bow of the boat aimed it at the whale. He let it go and the harpoon hit the spot. Being badly wounded, the whale soon died. Within a moment or two, its body was dragged swiftly by the killers down into the depths of the sea. The men started turning the boat around to go home.
"What's happened?" I asked. "Have we lost the whale?"
"Oh no," Jack replied. "We'll return tomorrow to bring in the body. It won't float up to the surface for around 24 hours." "In the meantime, Old Tom, and the others are having a good feed on its lips and tongue," added Red, laughing.
Although Old Tom and the other killers were fierce hunters, they, never harmed or attacked people. In fact, they protected them. There was one day when we were out in the bay during a hunt and James was washed off the boat.
"Man overboard! Turn the boat around!" urged George, shouting loudly.
The sea was rough that day and it was difficult to handle the boat. The waves were carrying James further and further away from us. From James's face, I could see he was terrified of being abandoned by us. Then suddenly I saw a shark.
"Look, there's a shark out there," I screamed.
"Don't worry, Old Tom won't let it near," Red replied.
It took over half an hour to get the boat back to James, and when we approached him, I saw James being firmly held up in the water by Old Tom. I couldn't believe my eyes.
There were shouts of "Well done, Old Tom" and 'Thank God" as we pulled James back into the boat. And then Old Tom was off and back to the hunt where the other killers were still attacking the whale.
另一个捕鲸者大声喊道：“HASO OO…RASO OO。”这是一个宣告即将捕鲸的呼声。
是这个吗？unit5--AN EXCITING JOB1I have the greatest job in the world. travel to unusual places and work alongside people from all over the world sometimes working outdoors sometimes in an office sometimes using scientific equipment and sometimes meeting local people and tourists I am never bored although my job is occasionally dangerous I don't mind because danger excites me and makes me feel alive However the most important thing about my job is that I heIp protect ordinary people from one of the most powerful forces on earth-the volcano.1/(我有世界上最伟大的工作。不寻常的地方旅行和工作，所有的人一起在户外工作，有时世界有时在办公室，有时用科学的设备，有时满足当地人民，我从来不觉得无聊，虽然我的工作是偶尔危险了，我不介意，因为危险，让我兴奋的游客并让我觉得活着不过，对我工作中最重要的是我救命保护地球上，火山最强大的力量之一的普通人。)2I was appointed as a volcanologist working for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) twenty years ago My job is collecting information for a database about Mount KiLauea which is one of the most active volcanoes in Hawaii Having collected and evaluated the information I help oyher scientists to predict where lava from the path of the lava can be warned to leave their houses Unfortunately we cannot move their homes out of the way and many houses have been covered with lava or burned to the ground.2我被任命为夏威夷火山观测站(防务委员会)二十年前，我的工作是收集有关装入一个数据库的基拉韦厄火山是夏威夷最活跃的火山之一在收集和评估的资料我帮oyher信息工作的科学家火山预知的熔岩从火山熔岩路径可以被警告离开他们的房子很遗憾，我们不能移动的方式，并已覆盖着熔岩或夷为平地许多房屋家园.