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白化病萝莉,有一个日本漫画,女主是一个白化病萝莉,男主因为儿时

日期:来源:白化病萝莉收集编辑:土味情话

有一个日本漫画,女主是一个白化病萝莉,男主因为儿时的经历心里扭曲

刚找了一通,终于找到了《想死少女与食人魔》。我几年前也看过

白化病萝莉活着么 白化病能活多久

从理论上来说,是和一般人一样的,因为这并不是什么危及生命的病。

不过,研究发现有一种致死型的,但据我所知,目前还没有发现此例。

白化病能活多久 白化病萝莉卸妆后图片

没有题干啊 ,反正这个题要注意女孩白化病和男孩白化病应该相同,因为是常染色体遗传。并且不用考虑性别,因为性别在前,病在后,性别属于已知的内容而生白化病男孩的几率病在前性别在后,所以要考虑性别的1/2的问题

“茅塞子之心”的意思是什么?

意思是:茅草也把你的心堵塞了。

我得了白化病,十几岁才有的,现在严重,不好找工作对象,我应该怎么

叫你吗给你个几十万去外面旅游吧 改变一下心态 我记得有一个白化病萝莉特别可爱

关于白化病的资料

The word "albinism" refers to a group of inherited conditions. People with albinism have little or no pigment in their eyes, skin, or hair. They have inherited genes that do not make the usual amounts of a pigment called melanin.

One person in 17,000 in the U.S.A. has some type of albinism. Albinism affects people from all races. Most children with albinism are born to parents who have normal hair and eye color for their ethnic backgrounds. Often people do not recognize that they have albinism.

A common myth is that by definition people with albinism have red eyes. In fact there are different types of albinism, and the amount of pigment in the eyes varies. Although some individuals with albinism have reddish or violet eyes, most have blue eyes. Some have hazel or brown eyes.

Vision Problems

People with albinism always have problems with vision, and many have low vision. Many are "legally blind," but most use their vision for reading, and do not use braille. Some have vision good enough to drive a car.

Vision problems in albinism result from abnormal development of the retina and abnormal patterns of nerve connections between the eye and the brain. It is the presence of these eye problems that defines the diagnosis of albinism. Therefore the main test for albinism is simply an eye exam.

Types of Albinism

While most people with albinism have very light skin and hair, not all do. Oculocutaneous (pronounced Ock-you-low-kew-Tain-ee-us) albinism involves the eyes, hair, and skin. Ocular albinism involves primarily the eyes, while skin and hair may appear similar or slightly lighter than that of other family members.

Over the years researchers have used various systems for classifying oculocutaneous albinism. In general, these systems contrasted types of albinism having almost no pigmentation with types having slight pigmentation. In less pigmented types of albinism, hair and skin are cream-colored, and vision is often in the range of 20/200. In types with slight pigmentation, hair appears more yellow or red-tinged, and vision often corrects to 20/60. Early descriptions of albinism called these main categories of albinism "complete" and "incomplete" albinism. Later researchers used a test that involved plucking a hair root, and seeing if it would make pigment in a test tube. This test separated "ty-neg" (no pigment) from "ty-pos" (some pigment). Further research showed that this test was inconsistent, and added little information to the clinical exam.

Recent research has used analysis of DNA, the chemical which encodes genetic information, to arrive at a more firm classification system for albinism. Type 1 albinism (also called tyrosinase-related albinism) is the type involving almost no pigmentation. Type 1 albinism results from a genetic defect in an enzyme called tyrosinase. This enzyme helps the body to change the amino acid tyrosine into pigment. (An amino acid is a "building block" of protein, and comes from protein in the diet.) Type 2, a type with slight pigmentation, results from a defect in a different gene called the "P" gene.

Researchers have identified several other genes that cause forms of albinism. In one form of albinism, the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, there can be problems with bleeding, and with lung and bowel disease as well. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome is a less common form of albinism, but should be suspected if a child with albinism shows unusual bruising or bleeding.

Genetics of Albinism

For nearly all types of albinism both parents must carry an albinism gene to have a child with albinism. Because the body has two sets of genes,a person may have normal pigmentation but carry the albinism gene. If a person has one gene for normal pigmentation and one gene for albinism, he or she will have enough genetic information to make normal pigment. The albinism gene is "recessive" — it does not result in albinism unless a person has two copies of the gene for albinism and no copy of the gene that makes normal pigment.

When both parents carry the gene, and neither parent has albinism, there is a one in four chance at each pregnancy that the baby will be born with albinism. This type of inheritance is called autosomal recessive inheritance.

(The most common type of ocular albinism follows a different pattern of inheritance. The NOAH Information Bulletin "Ocular Albinism" has more information.)

Each parent of a child with oculocutaneous albinism must carry the gene. Both the father and the mother must carry the gene for albinism. For couples who have not had a child with albinism, there is no simple test to determine whether a person carries a gene for albinism. Researchers have analyzed DNA of people with albinism and found the changes that cause albinism, but these changes are not always in exactly the same place, even for a given type of albinism. Therefore the tests for the gene may be inconclusive.

If parents have had a child with albinism previously, there is a way to test in subsequent pregnancies to see if the fetus has albinism. The test uses amniocentesis (placing a needle into the uterus to draw off fluid). Cells in the fluid are examined to see if they have an albinism gene from each parent.

For specific information and genetics and testing, seek the advice of a qualified genetic counselor. Genetic counselors are usually associated with universities and children's hospitals. The National Society of Genetic Counselors at (610) 872-7608 in Philadelphia maintains a referral list.

Those considering prenatal testing should be made aware that people with albinism can adapt well to their disabilities, and lead fulfilling lives.

Vision Rehabilitation: Eye conditions common in albinism include

Nystagmus, irregular rapid movement of the eyes back and forth.

Strabismus, muscle imbalance of the eyes ("crossed eyes" or "lazy eye")

Sensitivity to bright light and glare.

People with albinism may be either far-sighted or near-sighted, and often have astigmatism (distortion of a viewed image).

These eye problems result from abnormal development of the eye because of lack of pigment. The retina, the surface inside the eye that receives light, does not develop normally before birth and in infancy. The nerve signals from the retina to the brain do not follow the usual nerve routes. The iris, the colored area in the center of the eye, does not have enough pigment to screen out stray light coming into the eye. (Light normally enters the eye only through the pupil, the dark opening in the center of the iris, but in albinism light can pass through the iris as well.)

For the most part, treatment of the eye conditions consists of visual rehabilitation. Surgery to correct strabismus may improve the appearance of the eyes. However, since surgery will not correct the misrouting of nerves from the eyes to the brain, surgery will not provide fine binocular vision. In the case of esotropia or "crossed eyes," surgery may help vision by expanding the visual field (the area that the eyes can see while looking at one point).

People with albinism are sensitive to glare, but they do not prefer to be in the dark, and need light to see just like anyone else. Sunglasses or tinted contact lenses help outdoors. Indoors, it is important to place lights for reading or close work over a shoulder rather than in front.

Various optical aids are helpful to people with albinism, and the choice of an optical aid depends on how a person uses his or her eyes in jobs, hobbies, or other usual activities. Some people do well using bifocals which have a strong reading lens, prescription reading glasses, or contact lenses. Others use hand-held magnifiers or special small telescopes. Some use bioptics, glasses which have small telescopes mounted on, in, or behind their regular lenses, so that one can look through either the regular lens or the telescope. Newer designs of bioptics use smaller light-weight lenses. Some states allow the use of bioptic telescopes for driving. (See also NOAH bulletin "Low Vision Aids.)

Optometrists or ophthalmologists who are experienced in working with low vision patients can recommend various optical aids. Clinics should provide aids on trial loan, and provide instruction in their use. The American Foundation for the Blind (1-800-AFB-LIND) maintains a directory of low vision clinics.

Medical Problems

In the United States, people with albinism live normal life spans and have the same types of general medical problems as the rest of the population. The lives of people with Hernansky-Pudlak syndrome can be shortened by lung disease or other problems. In tropical countries, those who do not use skin protection may develop life-threatening skin cancers. If they use appropriate skin protection, such as sunscreen lotions rated 20 or higher, and opaque clothing, people with albinism can enjoy outdoor activities even in summer.

People with albinism are at risk of isolation, because the condition is often misunderstood. Social stigmatization can occur, especially within communities of color, where the race or paternity of a person with albinism may be questioned. Families and schools must make an effort not to exclude children with albinism from group activities.

Contact with others with albinism or who have albinism in their families is most helpful. NOAH can provide the names of contacts in many regions of the country.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Other Resources

A chapter in a textbook available in most medical libraries: King RA, Hearing VJ, Creel DJ, Oetting WS: Albinism, 4353-4393, in Scrivner, Charles R. et al, The Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease, 7th ed., McGraw Hill Inc. Health Professions Division, New York 1995.

Technical updates on genetics are accessible via internet from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, address http://www3.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Omim/searchomim.html

NOAH publishes a large print twice-yearly newsletter, NOAH News, as well as many Information Bulletins about albinism. NOAH also maintains an Internet sitethat includes public bulletin boards for exchanging information about albinism. The organization sponsors national and regional conferences. Local chapters meet in many areas of the U.S. and Canada. NOAH can provide a list of chapters and contact persons. Founded in 1982 in Philadelphia, NOAH is an all-volunteer organization. NOAH's objectives are to provide information and support to individuals and families with albinism, to promote public and professional education about these conditions, and to encourage research and research funding that will lead to improved diagnosis and treatment. Contact NOAH for more information, or to join.

The Hermansky-Pudlak Network, One South Road, Oyster Bay, New York 11771-1905., phone 800-789-9HPS, a NOAH affiliate, provides information and support to individuals and families with HPS.

American Foundation for the Blind, 11 Penn Plaza, Suite 300, New York, NY 10001, phone 800-AFB-LIND, provides information about programs and clinics for people with impaired vision throughout the United States.

National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation, PO Box 959, East Hampstead, NH 03826-0959, phone 800 473-2310, Phone: 603 887-2310.

"白化",是指一群继承条件. People with albinism have little or no pigment in their eyes, skin, or hair.残疾人白化很少或没有色素在他们眼中,皮肤或头发. They have inherited genes that do not make the usual amounts of a pigment called melanin.他们不以遗传基因金额通常称为黑色素的色素.

One person in 17,000 in the U.S.A. has some type of albinism.一个人在美国有1.7万种白化. Albinism affects people from all races.白化病会影响人来自各个种族. Most children with albinism are born to parents who have normal hair and eye color for their ethnic backgrounds.多数患儿父母所生白化正常头发和眼睛颜色的族裔背景. Often people do not recognize that they have albinism.人们常常不承认自己有白化病.

A common myth is that by definition people with albinism have red eyes.顾名思义,就是一个共同的神话已经患有白化红眼. In fact there are different types of albinism, and the amount of pigment in the eyes varies.事实上,有许多不同类型的白化病、眼色素金额完全相同. Although some individuals with albinism have reddish or violet eyes, most have blue eyes.虽然有一些个人白化或紫红眼睛,最有蓝眼睛. Some have hazel or brown eyes.榛褐色眼睛还是有的.

Vision Problems视力问题

People with albinism always have problems with vision, and many have low vision.人总是有白化病视力问题,其中不少低视力. Many are "legally blind," but most use their vision for reading, and do not use braille.许多"法律盲",用他们的理想,但多数读,而不是用盲文. Some have vision good enough to drive a car.有的开车视野不够好.

Vision problems in albinism result from abnormal development of the retina and abnormal patterns of nerve connections between the eye and the brain.白化病视力问题造成畸型发展的格局及异常视网膜神经联系眼睛而脑部. It is the presence of these eye problems that defines the diagnosis of albinism.据在场的这些问题,明确了眼科诊断白化病. Therefore the main test for albinism is simply an eye exam.因此测试主要是着眼白化考试.

Types of Albinism白化类型

While most people with albinism have very light skin and hair, not all do.虽然大多数人都非常轻白化皮肤和头发,一切都没有. Oculocutaneous (pronounced Ock-you-low-kew-Tain-ee-us) albinism involves the eyes, hair, and skin.眼(宣判玉友-低基威-覃-夷美)白化涉及眼睛,头发,和皮肤. Ocular albinism involves primarily the eyes, while skin and hair may appear similar or slightly lighter than that of other family members.主要涉及眼部白化病的眼睛,而皮肤和头发看似相似或稍轻,比其他家庭成员.

Over the years researchers have used various systems for classifying oculocutaneous albinism.多年来,研究人员已利用各种分类系统眼白化. In general, these systems contrasted types of albinism having almost no pigmentation with types having slight pigmentation.一般来说,这些系统类型的对比有白化几乎没有同类型有轻微色素着色. In less pigmented types of albinism, hair and skin are cream-colored, and vision is often in the range of 20/200.白化病种少色素、皮肤、头发都米黄、视力往往在射程20/200 In types with slight pigmentation, hair appears more yellow or red-tinged, and vision often corrects to 20/60.在同类型稍有着色,红色或黄色的头发似乎更-色彩、矫正视力往往以20/60. Early descriptions of albinism called these main categories of albinism "complete" and "incomplete" albinism.这些早期的描述称为白化主营白化"圆满"和"完整的"白化. Later researchers used a test that involved plucking a hair root, and seeing if it would make pigment in a test tube.随后,研究人员用一种考验涉及采摘了根头发,如果能看到一个试管颜料. This test separated "ty-neg" (no pigment) from "ty-pos" (some pigment).这次试验分居"性-南德"(无色素)从"性-词性"(约颜料). Further research showed that this test was inconsistent, and added little information to the clinical exam.进一步的研究表明,这个试验是不一致、补充的临床资料很少考试.

Recent research has used analysis of DNA , the chemical which encodes genetic information, to arrive at a more firm classification system for albinism.近来研究用基因分析,化学遗传信息编码、到达白化分级制度更为坚定. Type 1 albinism (also called tyrosinase-related albinism) is the type involving almost no pigmentation.1型白化病(又称酪氨酸相关白化)是那种几乎没有涉及着色. Type 1 albinism results from a genetic defect in an enzyme called tyrosinase.结果1型白化病遗传缺陷称为酪氨酸酶. This enzyme helps the body to change the amino acid tyrosine into pigment.这种酵素有助身体改变成氨基酸酪氨酸颜料. (An amino acid is a "building block" of protein, and comes from protein in the diet.) Type 2, a type with slight pigmentation, results from a defect in a different gene called the "P" gene.(一种氨基酸,是一种"积木"的蛋白质,而蛋白质来自国会).2型、A型稍微着色,结果从不同的基因缺陷叫做"P"字的基因.

Researchers have identified several other genes that cause forms of albinism.研究人员已找出几种形式白化病致病基因等. In one form of albinism, the Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, there can be problems with bleeding, and with lung and bowel disease as well.白化形式之一,hermansky-pudlak综合症出血会有问题,与肺和肠道疾病等. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome is a less common form of albinism, but should be suspected if a child with albinism shows unusual bruising or bleeding.hermansky-pudlak综合征是一种较常见的白化病,但如果一个孩子应该怀疑与白化显示异常出血或瘀伤.

Genetics of Albinism白化遗传学

For nearly all types of albinism both parents must carry an albinism gene to have a child with albinism.几乎所有种类的白化双亲必须携带有白化病基因与儿童白化. Because the body has two sets of genes,a person may have normal pigmentation but carry the albinism gene.因为身体两套基因,但有些人可能已携带白化病基因的正常色素. If a person has one gene for normal pigmentation and one gene for albinism, he or she will have enough genetic information to make normal pigment.如果一个人在一个正常的基因和一个基因色素白化、他或她有足够的遗传信息,使正常的色素. The albinism gene is "recessive" — it does not result in albinism unless a person has two copies of the gene for albinism and no copy of the gene that makes normal pigment.白化基因的"隐性",不致造成白化人除非该两项无白化基因的复制基因,使正常色素.

When both parents carry the gene, and neither parent has albinism, there is a one in four chance at each pregnancy that the baby will be born with albinism.当父母双方携带的基因,父母已白化、四是有机会在每一个怀孕出生的婴儿将与白化. This type of inheritance is called autosomal recessive inheritance.这种被称为常染色体隐性遗传继承.

(The most common type of ocular albinism follows a different pattern of inheritance. The NOAH Information Bulletin "Ocular Albinism" has more information.)(最常见的眼部白化如下不同方式传承.<诺亚信息简讯"眼部白化病"更多资料.)

Each parent of a child with oculocutaneous albinism must carry the gene.每个家长必须把眼白化基因. Both the father and the mother must carry the gene for albinism.父亲和母亲都必须携带白化病基因. For couples who have not had a child with albinism, there is no simple test to determine whether a person carries a gene for albinism.夫妇不曾生下白化、没有任何一个人简单测试,以确定是否带有白化基因. Researchers have analyzed DNA of people with albinism and found the changes that cause albinism, but these changes are not always in exactly the same place, even for a given type of albinism.研究人员分析DNA的残疾人事业的变化,发现白化白化、但这些变化并非总是以同样的地方,甚至某一类白化. Therefore the tests for the gene may be inconclusive.因此可能为基因测试结果.

If parents have had a child with albinism previously, there is a way to test in subsequent pregnancies to see if the fetus has albinism.如果父母生下白化以前还有一种测试,看看在以后怀孕的胎儿白化. The test uses amniocentesis (placing a needle into the uterus to draw off fluid).利用羊膜穿刺试验(针入子宫配售吸取过流). Cells in the fluid are examined to see if they have an albinism gene from each parent.细胞液检查,看看他们有一个白化基因每位家长.

For specific information and genetics and testing, seek the advice of a qualified genetic counselor.具体资料及遗传学检验,合格请教遗传参赞. Genetic counselors are usually associated with universities and children's hospitals.基因通常与大学辅导员及儿童医院. The National Society of Genetic Counselors at (610) 872-7608 in Philadelphia maintains a referral list.全国社会遗传辅导员在费城举行(610)872-7608持转诊名单.

Those considering prenatal testing should be made aware that people with albinism can adapt well to their disabilities, and lead fulfilling lives.产前检验应考虑那些知道白化能适应残疾人士的好,带领完成生命.

Vision Rehabilitation: Eye conditions common in albinism include视力康复:眼睛的症状包括常见白化

Nystagmus, irregular rapid movement of the eyes back and forth.眼球震颤、不规则的快速移动的眼睛来回.

Strabismus, muscle imbalance of the e

求一部日本的黑暗向的漫画,我只记得男主是个长相和心灵都很扭曲且杀

《神啊,我要抹杀你的存在》

得了白化病能活多久?遗传的几率大吗

白化病不会对寿命有影响,患者和常人无异。

白化病属于常染色体隐性遗传,遗传几率可以计算。如果你的伴侣不携带致病基因,你的孩子不会发病,但是会携带致病基因。

以上回答来自试管婴儿和遗传专家“沁溪健康”,百度我们吧~

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